Contract Type Two
Hoff & Co. (Philladelphia)
George Hoff &
Company contracted approximately 620,000 forage
caps from 1861 to 1865. This form failed just prior to the Civil War,
but recovered with Army Contracts. This cap is characterized by a
larger disc and a more cylindrical body. For some unexplainable reason,
there are several original caps with Hoff labels in them of styles
similar to those of other contractors. These caps can be divided into
Type I (McDowell) and Type II, which has a flat, yet slightly flared,
& Griswold (New York)
Hosptial Steward (Green Band)
Thomas Murphy and William
Griswald and Company manufactured 583,000 forage caps from 1862 to
1865. The characteristics of these caps are a larger disc, a flat
crescent visor, and a peculiar chin strap with the buckle attached to
one end of the sliding chin strap. Some relic specimen are found with
the standard free-floating buckle chin strapp, but it is believed that
these are replacements and not original to the makers' version.
Hospital Steward's wreath and white metal US are normally on the dress
hat. Sometimes, as with other hat brass, it can be found on the forage
*These caps are not recommended for early war impressions.
& S. (New York)
information is known about the contractor, G. & S. (possibly
Griswald and Son), the caps are very similar to those of L. J. & I.
Phillips and Geo. Hoff. Several specimens of originals have been
examined with this label. It is uncertain whether these hats are
considered to be early or late war.
Brooks, Matthew of
Philladelphia manufactured 26,000 contract caps for the US Army during
1862 through 1865. The cap resembles the caps produced by L. J. &
I. Phillips so closely that it is difficult to tell them apart except
for minor variations in the discs and visors.
Thompson, Goodrich, & Co. (Cincinnati)
Thompson and Charles Goodrich of Cincinnati, Ohio, with distributors in
New York produced approximately 86,000 forage caps of various styles of
visor and disc shape. This company is a late war (1864) cap maker. It
is noted that these caps are taller specimens.
* The hat shown is a McDowell style cap.
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